Monthly Archives: August 2014

Danger Assessment

The Danger Assessment helps to determine the level of danger an abused woman has of being killed by her intimate partner. It is free and available to the public. Using the Danger Assessment requires the weighted scoring and interpretation that is provided after completing the training. The Danger Assessment is available in a variety of languages.

Every year 3-4 million women in the U.S. are abused and 1,500-1,600 are killed by their abusers. The challenge for those who encounter abused women is to identify those with the highest level of danger. For 25 years, the Danger Assessment Instrument has been used by law enforcement, healthcare professionals, and domestic violence advocates. The training — offered in several forms on this website — provides instructions on how to score and interpret the instrument. Learn more about the Danger Assessment Instrument >

What is the training?

The training module, offered in several forms, provides instructions on how to score and interpret the tool. The presentation gives background information about the development of the tool and its importance to anyone interacting with abused women. It also explains the weighted scoring of the tool, which is vital to accurately determining the level of danger for the woman.

Who should be trained to use the Danger Assessment?

The challenge for those who encounter abused women is to identify those with the highest level of danger. For 25 years, the Danger Assessment tool has been used by law enforcement, health care professionals, and domestic violence advocates.

The Danger Assessment Website

Intimate Partner Violence in Rural U.S. Areas: What every nurse should know

Overview: Intimate partner violence is a major health care issue, affecting nearly 6% of U.S. women annually. Multiple mental and physical health problems are associated with intimate partner violence, and billions of health care dollars are spent in trying to address the consequences. Although prevalence rates of intimate partner violence are roughly the same in rural and nonrural areas, rural survivors face distinct barriers in obtaining help and services. Because rural women routinely access health care services in nonrural as well as rural settings, it’s essential that all providers understand the issues specific to rural survivors. Routine screening for intimate partner violence would create opportunities for women to disclose abuse and for providers to help victims obtain assistance and support that may keep them safer. This in turn would likely decrease serious health sequelae and lower health care costs. This article describes the unique aspects of intimate partner violence in rural populations. It also describes a simple screening tool that can be used in all settings, discusses ways to approach the topic and facilitate disclosure, and addresses interventions; relevant resources are also provided.


Rural survivors sometimes seek care in nonrural settings; indeed, most providers can expect to see such patients. All nurses, not just rural nurses, need to understand the unique issues faced by women who experience intimate partner violence in rural areas.

This article provides an overview of these issues and discusses the implications for practice.

From the American Journal of Nursing – Complete paper

Domestic Violence Evidence Project

The Domestic Violence Evidence Project, an initiative of the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV), is designed “to respond to the growing emphasis on identifying and integrating ‘evidence-based practice’. It combines research, evaluation, practice and theory to inform critical decision-making by domestic violence programs and allies.”

DV programs engage in a wide range of activities designed to positively impact the social and emotional well-being for both survivors and their children. Specifically, they work to increase women’s and children’s sense of self-efficacy as well as their hope for the future, and directly increase their access to community resources, opportunities, and supports (including social support). While the actual services may differ across agencies — emergency shelter, counseling, advocacy, transitional housing, supervised visitation, children’s programs, support groups — services for both survivors and their children tend to share key features, including ideally the involvement of survivors in their design and development.

This website presents “what we know about services to adult victims of domestic violence from the empirical evidence that is available and from emerging and promising evidence from the field. Also included is a conceptual framework, research bibliography, and evaluation tools.”

Special Collection: Intimate Partner Homicide Prevention

Intimate Partner Homicide Prevention – From the National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women Special Collections

The most tragic consequence of domestic violence is undoubtedly the death of one or both intimate partners, and in some cases, their children or family and friends of the victim. Intimate partner homicide is the final assertion of power and control in an abusive relationship and, paradoxically, an acknowledgment of the abuser’s loss of control.

This collection offers resources to support the expansion of services and systems’ responses that are critically important to the prevention and continued decline of intimate partner homicides.

Much is known about the risk factors that increase the danger that victim will be killed by her intimate partner. The predominant risk factor for intimate partner homicide is prior physical abuse, particularly physical assaults that have recently escalated in frequency and severity (Block, 2003). Other risk factors identified in the research include stalking, estrangement (physical leaving, legal separation, etc.); strangulation (choking) during an assault; threats to kill; prior use of or access to weapons, especially firearms; forced sex; controlling, possessive, jealous behavior; drug and/or alcohol abuse; and, to lesser degrees, the presence in the household of children who are not the batterer’s biological offspring; and unemployment of the batterer (Roehl, O’Sullivan, Webster, & Campbell, 2005 & Campbell et al., 2003a).

Sadly, leaving an abusive relationship doesn’t necessarily end the violence, and therefore leaving isn’t always the safest choice for victims. In fact, “the extant research literature shows that women experience an increased risk of lethal violence when they leave intimate relationships with men” (Websdale, 1999). It is essential that helping professionals become familiar with lethality risk factors so that they can best minimize these risks and support the informed choices of domestic violence survivors.

“If I die, I want you to tell the world what happened to me. I don’t want other women to suffer as I have suffered. I want them to be listened to.” ~ Maria Teresa Macias

This collection provides:

•national and statewide homicide statistics that help illustrate the scope of the problem;
•an overview of tools and strategies for assessing danger or the risk of lethality in domestic violence cases;
•recommendations and approaches for utilizing the fatality review process to prevent intimate partner homicide;
•materials describing various systems’ responses to domestic violence and efforts to prevent homicide;
•resources to assist advocates in helping to frame the issue through media response and community mobilization; and
•resources addressing the grief and trauma experienced by loved ones of those whose lives are lost to domestic violence.

This resource was developed by VAWnet and the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence.